Cool breezes of the Pacific Ocean and its cold Humboldt Current allows a long growing season in the Aconcagua Valley, up to three weeks more than in any other Chilean wine regions. This long growing season and ripening enhances the flavours, intensity and concentration of the wines. Cabernet is by far the largest crop harvested in this valley, but Syrah has an unusual success thanks to Errazuriz and Von Siebenthal Vineyards.
The Maipo Wine Valley is Chile’s oldest growing area – first wines were produced in the mid-16th century. Ocean breezes and elevation provide a number of cool growing areas within the region. Cabernet Sauvignon is the most celebrated and widely planted variety.
Casablanca Valley has a clear maritime influence: the climate is mostly cold with thick morning fogs and temperatures oscillate between day and night, favoring the slow maturity of the grape. The Valley of Casablanca has positioned itself as a top quality valley for white wines, especially Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay, and within the red wines with Pinot Noir.
SAN ANTONIO VALLEY
San Antonio Valley is one of Chile’s youngest wine regions, dominated by only few boutique wineries. Low temperatures and thin soils make wine growing a challenge, but pioneering wineries produce some of Chile’s most exceptional Sauvignon Blancs, Syrahs and Pinot Noirs.
Nearly 90% of the wine grapes grown in Cachapoal Wine Valley are red varieties, especially Cabernet Sauvignon. Wine regions located at the Andean foothills produce elegant, well-balanced Cabernets and red blends.
Wines of Colchagua Valley have reached the best scores in the most important specialized international wine & spirits magazines, crowned in 2005 when Colchagua Valley was nominated as the Wine Region of the Year by the North American Magazine ‘Wine Enthusiast’.
The Curico Valley is largely affected by the Coastal Range, which blocks the maritime influence and creates a continental effect. The temperature oscillates between day and night time favouring the grape’s flavour and aroma, particularly in red wines, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Carménère, Malbec, Syrah and Pinot Noir.
The Maule Valley is the largest and one of the oldest wine regions in Chile and is renowned for its heavy clay soils and climatic variations, bringing forward abundant and aromatic grapes of Carignan, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, and other yet to be identified varieties.
The Itata Valley is no newcomer to wine; some of the earliest vineyards were planted near the port city of Concepcion during colonial times. Traditional varieties still predominate in Itata, headed by Moscatel de Alejandría and followed by Pais, Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay.
BIO BIO VALLEY
Bio Bio Valley with its low temperatures, high rainfall and high risk of frost is the geographical limit for grape growing. Despite of this, new plantations of cool-climate varieties such as Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Viogner and Pinot Noir, continue to appear paying off in exciting wines with naturally fresh acidity.